Aristotle, nice Greek thinker, researcher, reasoner, and author, born at Stagirus in 384 BCE, used to be the son of Nicomachus, a doctor, and Phaestis. He studied lower than Plato at Athens and taught there (367–47); to that end he spent 3 years on the court docket of a former scholar, Hermeias, in Asia Minor and at the present married Pythias, one in all Hermeias’s kin. After a while at Mitylene, in 343–2 he used to be appointed by means of King Philip of Macedon to be instruct of his teen-aged son Alexander. After Philip’s demise in 336, Aristotle grew to become head of his personal university (of “Peripatetics”), the Lyceum at Athens. due to anti-Macedonian feeling there after Alexander’s dying in 323, he withdrew to Chalcis in Euboea, the place he died in 322. approximately the entire works Aristotle ready for booklet are misplaced; the worthy ones extant are lecture-materials, notes, and memoranda (some are spurious). they are often labeled as follows: I. useful: Nicomachean Ethics; Great Ethics (Magna Moralia); Eudemian Ethics; Politics; Oeconomica (on the nice of the family); Virtues and Vices.
II. Logical: Categories; On Interpretation; Analytics (Prior and Posterior); On Sophistical Refutations; Topica.
III. actual: Twenty-six works (some suspect) together with astronomy, new release and destruction, the senses, reminiscence, sleep, desires, lifestyles, proof approximately animals, etc.
IV. Metaphysics: on being as being.
V. On paintings: Art of Rhetoric and Poetics.
VI. different works together with the Athenian Constitution; extra works additionally of uncertain authorship.
VII. Fragments of varied works comparable to dialogues on philosophy and literature; and of treatises on rhetoric, politics and metaphysics. The Loeb Classical Library® variation of Aristotle is in twenty-three volumes.