By Hamid Dabashi
What does it suggest to be human? Humanism has ordinarily thought of this question from a Western standpoint. via an in depth exam of an enormous literary culture, Hamid Dabashi asks that query anew, from a non-European perspective. The solutions are clean, provocative, and deeply transformative. This groundbreaking examine of Persian humanism offers the unfolding of a practice because the artistic and subversive unconscious of Islamic civilization.
Exploring how 1,400 years of Persian literature have taken up the query of what it capacity to be human, Dabashi proposes that the literary unconscious of a civilization can also be the undoing of its repressive measures. this may account for the masculinist hostility of the early Arab conquest that accused Persian tradition of effeminate delicacy and sexual misconduct, and later of clinical and philosophical inaccuracy. because the unique female unconscious of a decidedly masculinist civilization, Persian literary humanism speaks from a hidden and defiant vantage point-and this is often what inclines it towards artistic subversion.
Arising neither regardless of nor as a result of Islam, Persian literary humanism used to be the creative manifestation of a sophisticated urbanism that emerged within the aftermath of the seventh-century Muslim conquest. faraway from the language of scripture and scholasticism, Persian literary humanism occupies a unique universe of ethical tasks during which "a sensible lie," because the thirteenth-century poet Sheykh Mosleh al-Din Sa'di writes, "is higher than a seditious truth."